Search Standards by Topic

We have assessed seven REDD+ standards and 30+ different types of requirements, broadly categorized under the following groups: carbon accounting, programmatic design, and social and environmental safeguards. Below, you can learn more about the specific requirements for each standard. Additionally, we have a final section, “Financial Sources”, which details which standards qualify for which types of financing.

Search Standards by Topic


Carbon Accounting: Activity Data



Activity data may be derived from remote sensing data or from verifiable ground-derived data. Where activity data are sourced from remote sensing, area estimates and confidence intervals must be reported. Good practice includes development of a sampling, response, and analysis design. The focus under TREES is the GHG associated with land cover changes; however, for deforestation, land use change is the emphasis. Temporal dynamics of land use and land cover change must be considered to avoid the possibility of double counting.

California Tropical Forest Standard

The Sector Plan must include a description of the mapping data, and how it is transparent, spatially explicit, and high quality, using remote sensing technology that has been calibrated to the implementing jurisdiction against ground-level measurements from within the jurisdiction.

FCPF Carbon Fund

Activity data are determined periodically, at least twice during the Term of the Emission Reduction Payment Agreement (ERPA), and allow for Emission Reductions to be estimated from the beginning of the Term of the ERPA. Deforestation is determined using IPCC Approach 3. Other sinks and sources such as degradation may be determined using indirect methods such as survey data, proxies derived from landscape ecology, or statistical data on timber harvesting and regrowth if no direct methods are available.

Green Climate Fund REDD+ Pilot

No additional provision to the UNFCCC decisions for REDD+.

Joint Crediting Mechanism

To be defined in the methodology approved by the Joint Committee.

UNFCCC REDD+ Framework

Use a combination of remote sensing and ground-based forest carbon inventory approaches for estimating, as appropriate, anthropogenic forest-related greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks and forest area changes.

Verra's Jurisdictional Nested REDD+

(All Scenarios)

Area measurements shall be undertaken through remote sensing, using either maps or area sampling approaches. When mapping, the maps shall include deforestation and forest degradation. A bias correction shall be made to the area estimates based on the accuracy assessment and using standard best practice methods. Activity data estimation shall result in mean area estimates for the land-use transitions between land-use (sub) strata over the historical reference period.

Compare Standards Disclaimer

The information presented when comparing Standards is not comprehensive and does not include all details pertaining to that specific topic as included in the REDD+ Standards. This feature is meant to provide key information related to specific topics, however, users are encouraged to review the full version of the Standards for all relevant information.

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Term "Standards" #1: We use the term "standards" as an umbrella concept encompassing methodological frameworks, guidance and/or requirements, as well as REDD+ programs or frameworks. We acknowledge that the term "standard" is often used to refer to rules or methodological requirements leading to the generation of carbon credits for market purposes. Our definition of "standard" is much broader and generally indicates any set of rules defined by REDD+ programs, initiatives or frameworks that leads to the estimation, review, and verification of GHG emission reductions, removals, as well as additional accounting rules, safeguards and other programatic elements.

UNFCCC REDD+ Framework #2: COP decisions for REDD+ outline the rules and requirements for the voluntary participation of developing countries for obtaining result-based payments without the need to transfer title, i.e. rights to the REDD+ results achieved. We assume, in all cases, that the UNFCCC REDD+ Framework sets out a non-market framework for REDD+, exclusively. For this purpose, we refer to paragraph 66, in decision 9/CP.19, which states that the COP "Considers that, in the light of the experience gained from current and future demonstration activities, appropriate market-based approaches could be developed by the Conference of the Parties to support the results-based actions by developing country Parties referred to in decision 1/CP.16, paragraph 73, ensuring that environmental integrity is preserved, that the provisions of decision 1/CP.16, appendices I and II, are fully respected, and should be consistent with the relevant provisions of decisions 1/CP.16 and 12/CP.17 and any future decision by the Conference of the Parties on these matters;".

General Disclaimer #3: The international REDD+ Standards Tool was designed to facilitate access to general information included in REDD+ Standards. It is not the aim of the tool to be prescriptive or to indicate which standards is better, as this depends on the specific circumstances of jurisdictions which go beyond the scope of the tool

General Disclaimer #4: The International REDD+ Standards Tool was designed to facilitate access to general information included in REDD+ Standards, however, some of the Programs (e.g. FCPF, JCM, Verra) include additional requirements in associated program documents such as templates, associated tools, and others. Users are encouraged to review these additional sources of information.